Education is free and compulsory
Compulsory –The Right To Education Act mandates the Government to provide free and compulsory elementary education for every child between 6 and 14 years in India.
Free – It means that no child shall be liable to pay any kind of fee or charges or expenses which may prevent him or her from pursuing and completing elementary education. The free education includes the provision of textbooks, uniforms, writing materials, special materials for children with disabilities, in order to reduce the burden of school expenses.
Standards for Education
RTE Act lays down standards and rules relating to classrooms, separate toilets for girls and boys, drinking water facility at schools, number of working days of a school, etc. Each and every elementary school (Primary school + Middle School) in India has to comply with these minimum standards set by the RTE Act.
Admission For All
RTE Act mandates that an out of school child is admitted to an age appropriate class and provided with special training to enable the child to come up to his/her learning level.
Reserves 25% seats in private schools for underprivileged kids
RTE Act mandates all the private schools to reserve 25% of the seats for children belonging to socially disadvantaged and economically weaker sections. This provision of the Act is aimed at furthering social inclusion for a better India.
Quantity and Quality Of Teachers
RTE Act also lays down rules for rational deployment of teachers by ensuring that the specified Pupil-Teacher-Ratio is maintained for each school and there is no urban-rural imbalance.
The Act mandates appointment of appropriately trained teachers, i.e. teachers with the requisite entry and academic qualifications.
No Discrimination And No Harassment
RTE Act prohibits physical punishment and mental harassment; discrimination based on gender, caste, class and religion; screening procedures for admission of children; capitation fee; private tuition by teachers and running of schools without recognition.
RTE Act provides for development of curriculum, which would ensure the all-round development of every child. Build a child’s knowledge, human potential and talent.
Prohibits detention of a child
RTE Act mandates that no child can be held back or expelled from school until Class 8th. The Act has mandated the Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) method to ensure grade appropriate learning outcomes.
School Management Committees (SMCs) play a crucial role in strengthening participatory democracy and governance in elementary education. All schools covered under the Act shall constitute a School Management Committee consisting of head teacher, local elected representative, parents, community members, etc. The committees have been empowered to monitor the functioning of schools and to prepare school development plan.
RTE Act is justiciable and is backed by a Grievance Redressal (GR) mechanism that gives opportunity to people to take action against non compliance of various provisions of the Act.
(Edvantage Point is India’s go-to platform for related products and services. We are into admissions management for schools, career advice and counselling services for students as well as recruitment services).